For many people, hair is a natural part of their look and an expression of their personality. It is integral to our body image and can have a profound influence on our self-esteem and self-confidence. Hair can be groomed, styled, waved, straightened, dyed, braided, or cut, and best of all, changes made to our hair can be completely reversed.
Hair offers protection: for instance, it helps to keep the sun’s rays from reaching our scalp. Scalp hair also plays an important role in preventing trauma to the skull.
The normal human scalp contains between 100,000 to 150,000 follicles that produce hair. These hairs do not emerge individually from the scalp, but are arranged in follicular units, small groups of 1 to 4 hairs each. There are approximately 50,000 to 65,000 follicular units on the human scalp. Hair is composed of a complex protein called keratin.
At any given time, about 90% of hairs on one’s head are actively growing. This phase, called Anagen, can last from 2 to 7 years, though the average is about three years. In the catagen phase, growth stops and this phase lasts about 2-3 weeks. The other remaining 10% of scalp hairs are in a resting state called telogen that, in a normal scalp, lasts about 3 to 4 months. hair grows about 1/2 inch a month. There are four main types of hair texture: straight, wavy, curly and tightly curled(Afro).
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR CROWNING GLORY
While genetics play a key role, diet, the weather, pollution, and your overall approach to hair care are all critical to maintaining a healthy head of hair.
A well-rounded diet is an important factor in hair and scalp health. Hair is primarily made up of protein, so be sure to eat at least 45 grams of protein daily.
Look for products that are right for your hair type : oily, normal, or dry and target any problems you have, such as dandruff. cost doesn’t necessarily indicate the quality of a product. Conditioning after shampooing is an important step in keeping your hair soft, shiny, and manageable. You can choose a separate conditioner or a shampoo with built-in conditioner.
Washing & brushing
Not everyone needs to condition every time they wash their hair. Experiment to find what works best for you. Comb conditioner through for even distribution. Leave it in your hair for two to three minutes before rinsing out. Don’t wash your hair more than once a day. Use only enough of the product to cover your hair. Avoid using very hot or very cold water.
Treat hair gently when it’s wet — it’s three times more vulnerable to breakage. Don’t rub wet hair excessively with a towel. Use a wide-tooth comb to detangle, but don’t comb too much or brush wet hair.
Oiling your hair
Oil gives hair certain minerals, vitamins and essential fatty acids that don't just strengthen your roots but also boost overall health of your hair. Coconut oil comes most recommended by hair experts and mothers of course! It can protect your hair from sun damage, dandruff and removes sebum build-up from hair follicles accelerating hair growth. You could also boil some curry leaves in coconut oil, strain the oil and apply.
Swimming and hair
Pools can do great damage to your hair as it contains harsh chemicals - prevent your hair from the pool damage by simply applying a little conditioner to your hair before you swim. It will protect your hair before they come in contact with the pool water.
Take care of your scalp
While it’s an often neglected part of many people’s beauty routine, caring for your scalp can make a world of difference in your hair’s overall health., scalp health is maintaining the best possible condition of the skin on our scalps so that we can avoid irritation and also cater to the optimum potential for hair growth.
COMMON HAIR PROBLEMS
Dry hair - You should treat dry hair with the utmost care and gentleness. Try to ease up on things that make your hair more fragile like sun and chlorine exposure, pollution, chemical treatments, and heat styling. Hair masks and oils can reverse the damage, soften your strands, restore hydration, and make your hair shiny and manageable.
Oily Scalp - Always keep in mind that you need to shampoo properly, condition carefully and rinse thoroughly. Avoid hot tools as they make your hair look greasy faster. Clean your brush every day to avoid unnecessary build-up. Skip leave-in conditioners and other products that add moisture to your hair.
Split ends - When oil from the scalp doesn't reach the ends of the hair, they tend to dry and split over time. Split ends are a cue for a haircut. Even if you're growing out your hair, you need to get regular trims to keep it healthy. Not trimming your hair makes the splits inch their way up the hair shaft. Eventually, you will need to cut more hair to eliminate the damage. Heat makes split ends worse invest in a quality heat protectant and avoid heat on the ends. Rubbing a dash of oil onto your ends can minimize the split ends' appearance while also providing nourishment. Avoid over-brushing and shampooing as they can intensify split ends
Frizzy hair and flyaways - Humidity, Over exposing your hair to styling irons, UV rays, chemicals, and color can cause your hair to poof with frizz. Did you know frizz is usually telling you your hair is damaged. The key is to add moisture back into your hair with the help of hair masks, serums, or leave-in conditioners. Hot oil treatments also work well to nourish damaged hair.
Heat damaged hair - heat styling tools to crimp, wave, curl, or straighten your hair can damage your hair. While there is no black and white cure for heat damage, the only real way to eliminate damage is to cut heat out entirely. You can also add hair masks and deep-conditioning treatments to your haircare routine to get adequate moisture and nourishment. If you're going to use your styling tools, always ensure you use a heat protectant spray beforehand.
Hair colour damage - regular coloring sessions can damage your hair in the long run Whether it's a root touch up, bleaching, or highlights, coloring your hair can make it brittle. The chemicals in the dye can also cause dryness, dullness, breakage, and split ends.
If you've colored your hair, you need to give it extra care and attention. Please switch to a specially formulated shampoo for color-treated hair, wash your hair less often, never skip on conditioner, cut down on heat, and pamper your hair with masks.
HAIR AND PREGNANCY
The average person loses about 70 -100 hairs a day, but not all at once. because new hairs are always growing and replacing them, you don't notice them. When you're expecting, however, your pregnancy hormones keep those hairs from falling out — leaving your hair looking thick and healthy
Many new mums see noticeable hair loss in the 6 months after having a baby. This is normal — and it is not true hair loss. When those hormones drop back to normal, the extra hairs drop, too.
Don't worry, You’re not going bald; you're just getting back to normal. If you're breastfeeding, some of your extra hair may hang on to your scalp until you wean.
Tips for dealing with POSTPARTUM HAIR LOSS
If you've been losing hair since giving birth, there are some things you can do about it:
• Get the right nutrients. Keep your hair healthy by eating well and continuing to take your vitamin supplements
• Go easy on your hair. Be extra gentle to prevent excess hair loss after pregnancy. Shampoo only when necessary and use a good conditioner and a wide-toothed comb to minimize tangling.
• Choose the right accessories. Use scrunchies and not rubber bands — and don't pull hair into tight ponytails.
• Skip blow-dryers, curling and flat irons if you can.
• Take a break from chemically based treatments. Put off any highlights, perms and straightening sessions until the shedding stops.
• Try out a new haircut to make your hair appear fuller and help new hair regrowth blend in
• Talk to your doctor if your hair contiues to fall and thins out significantly.